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Note: Please note that any eBay listing created using the Inventory API cannot be revised or relisted using the Trading API calls.
Note: Each listing can be revised up to 250 times in one calendar day. If this revision threshold is reached, the seller will be blocked from revising the item until the next calendar day.
This call is used to convert all unpublished offers associated with an inventory item group into an active, multiple-variation listing.

Important!Publish offer note: Fields may be optional or conditionally required when calling the create or update methods, but become required when publishing the offer to create active listings. For this method, see Offer fields for a list of fields required to publish an offer.

The unique identifier of the inventory item group (inventoryItemGroupKey) is passed in the request payload. All inventory items and their corresponding offers in the inventory item group must be valid (meet all requirements) for the publishOfferByInventoryItemGroup call to be completely successful. For any inventory items in the group that are missing required data or have no corresponding offers, the publishOfferByInventoryItemGroup will create a new multiple-variation listing, but any inventory items with missing required data/offers will not be in the newly-created listing. If any inventory items in the group to be published have invalid data, or one or more of the inventory items have conflicting data with one another, the publishOfferByInventoryItemGroup call will fail. Be sure to check for any error or warning messages in the call response for any applicable information about one or more inventory items/offers having issues.


Resource URI


This method is supported in Sandbox environment. To access the endpoint, just replace the root URI with

URI parameters

This method has no URI parameters.

HTTP request headers

All requests made to eBay REST operations require you to provide the Authorization HTTP header for authentication authorization.

The table below shows additional HTTP request headers that are either required, conditionally required, or strongly recommended for this method. Other standard HTTP request headers- opens rest request components page (not in this table) can also be used, but they are optional.

Content-TypestringThis header indicates the format of the request body provided by the client. Its value should be set to application/json.

For more information, refer to HTTP request headers.

Occurrence: Required

OAuth scope

This request requires an access token created with the authorization code grant flow, using one or more scopes from the following list (please check your Application Keys page for a list of OAuth scopes available to your application):

See OAuth access tokens for more information.

Request payload

Copy complete valid JSON to clipboard

Request fields

Input container/fieldTypeDescription

This is the unique identifier of the inventory item group. All unpublished offers associated with this inventory item group will be published as a multiple-variation listing if the publishByInventoryItemGroup call is successful. The inventoryItemGroupKey identifier is automatically generated by eBay once an inventory item group is created.

To retrieve an inventoryItemGroupKey value, you can use the getInventoryItem method to retrieve an inventory item that is known to be in the inventory item group to publish, and then look for the inventory item group identifier under the groupIds container in the response of that call.

Occurrence: Required


This is the unique identifier of the eBay site on which the multiple-variation listing will be published. The marketplaceId enumeration values are found in MarketplaceEnum.

Occurrence: Required


HTTP response headers

This call has no response headers.

Response payload

Response fields

Output container/fieldTypeDescription

The unique identifier of the newly created eBay listing. This field is returned if the single offer (if publishOffer call was used) or group of offers in an inventory item group (if publishOfferByInventoryItemGroup call was used) was successfully converted into an eBay listing.

Occurrence: Conditional

warningsarray of ErrorDetailV3

This container will contain an array of errors and/or warnings if any occur when a publishOffer or publishOfferByInventoryItemGroup call is made.

Occurrence: Conditional


This string value indicates the error category. There are three categories of errors: request errors, application errors, and system errors.

Occurrence: Conditional


The name of the domain in which the error or warning occurred.

Occurrence: Conditional


A unique code that identifies the particular error or warning that occurred. Your application can use error codes as identifiers in your customized error-handling algorithms.

Occurrence: Conditional

warnings.inputRefIdsarray of string

An array of one or more reference IDs which identify the specific request element(s) most closely associated to the error or warning, if any.

Occurrence: Conditional


A detailed description of the condition that caused the error or warning, and information on what to do to correct the problem.

Occurrence: Conditional


A description of the condition that caused the error or warning.

Occurrence: Conditional

warnings.outputRefIdsarray of string

An array of one or more reference IDs which identify the specific response element(s) most closely associated to the error or warning, if any.

Occurrence: Conditional

warnings.parametersarray of ErrorParameterV3

Various warning and error messages return one or more variables that contain contextual information about the error or waring. This is often the field or value that triggered the error or warning.

Occurrence: Conditional


This type contains the name and value of an input parameter that contributed to a specific error or warning condition.

Occurrence: Conditional


This is the actual value that was passed in for the element specified in the name field.

Occurrence: Conditional


The name of the subdomain in which the error or warning occurred.

Occurrence: Conditional

HTTP status codes

This call can return one of the following HTTP status codes. For an overview of the status codes, see HTTP status codes in Using eBay RESTful APIs.

400Bad Request
500Internal Server Error

Error codes

For more on errors, plus the codes of other common errors, see Handling errors.

25001API_INVENTORYAPPLICATIONAny System error. {additionalInfo}
25002API_INVENTORYREQUESTAny User error. {additionalInfo}
25003API_INVENTORYREQUESTInvalid price. {additionalInfo}
25004API_INVENTORYREQUESTInvalid quantity. {additionalInfo}
25005API_INVENTORYREQUESTInvalid category. {additionalInfo}
25006API_INVENTORYREQUESTInvalid listing option. {additionalInfo}
25007API_INVENTORYREQUESTInvalid Shipping policy information. {additionalInfo}
25008API_INVENTORYREQUESTInvalid Payment policy information. {additionalInfo}
25009API_INVENTORYREQUESTInvalid Return policy information. {additionalInfo}
25011API_INVENTORYREQUESTInvalid tax information. {additionalInfo}
25012API_INVENTORYREQUESTInvalid location. {additionalInfo}
25013API_INVENTORYREQUESTInvalid InventoryItemGroup information. {additionalInfo}
25014API_INVENTORYREQUESTInvalid pictures. {additionalInfo}
25015API_INVENTORYREQUESTInvalid picture URL. {additionalInfo}
25016API_INVENTORYREQUESTInvalid {fieldName}. {additionalInfo}
25017API_INVENTORYREQUESTMissing field {fieldName}. {additionalInfo}
25018API_INVENTORYREQUESTIncomplete account information. {additionalInfo}
25019API_INVENTORYREQUESTCannot revise listing. {additionalInfo}
25020API_INVENTORYREQUESTInvalid package details. {additionalInfo}
25021API_INVENTORYREQUESTInvalid condition information. {additionalInfo}
25022API_INVENTORYREQUESTInvalid attribute. {fieldName}
25023API_INVENTORYREQUESTInvalid compatibility information. {additionalInfo}
25025API_INVENTORYAPPLICATIONConcurrent access of Inventory or InventoryItemGroup. Please try again later
25026API_INVENTORYREQUESTSelling limits exceeded. {additionalInfo}
25029API_INVENTORYREQUEST{field} is required for this category.
25031API_INVENTORYREQUEST{field} is not valid and needs to be a number between {min} and {max}
25032API_INVENTORYREQUEST{field} is not valid
25034API_INVENTORYREQUESTOnly {max value} policies can be specified
25035API_INVENTORYREQUESTThe specified policy is not found for the market place
25036API_INVENTORYREQUESTThe policy(ies) {PolicyId} is not of type {PolicyEnum}
25038API_INVENTORYREQUEST{ItemId} cannot be revised if the item has a bid or a best offer or is ending within 12 hours
25039API_INVENTORYREQUEST{ItemId} cannot be revised if the item has a bid or a best offer and is ending within 12 hours
25040API_INVENTORYREQUEST{ItemId} cannot be revised if the item has a bid or a best offer and is ending within 12 hours
25041API_INVENTORYREQUESTWhen listing an item with Refurbished condition, maximum handling time must be {replaceable_value} business day(s).
25042API_INVENTORYREQUESTWhen listing an item with Refurbished condition, free shipping must be provided.
25043API_INVENTORYREQUESTWhen listing an item with Refurbished condition, returns must be accepted.
25044API_INVENTORYREQUESTWhen listing an item with Refurbished condition, refund must be provided as Money Back.
25045API_INVENTORYREQUESTWhen listing an item with Refurbished condition, the minimum time you'll accept returns must be {replaceable_value} days.
25046API_INVENTORYREQUESTWhen listing an item with Refurbished condition, seller must pay the cost for return shipping.
25047API_INVENTORYREQUESTSeller is not eligible to use Refurbished Item Condition
25048API_INVENTORYREQUESTSeller is not eligible to use Refurbished Item Condition in this Category
25049API_INVENTORYREQUESTSeller is not eligible to use Refurbished Item Condition for the selected Brand
25050API_INVENTORYREQUESTWhen listing an item with Refurbished condition, {replaceable_value} cannot be used in the Title.
25051API_INVENTORYREQUESTWhen listing an item with Refurbished condition, {replaceable_value} cannot be used in the Subtitle
25052API_INVENTORYREQUESTWhen listing an item with Refurbished condition, at least {replaceable_value} images must be provided
25076API_INVENTORYREQUEST{replaceable_value} ID(s) {replaceable_value} not found. Please use valid ID(s).
25077API_INVENTORYREQUESTDuplicate Regulatory ID(s) {replaceable_value} sent in the request. Duplicate ID(s) have been ignored.
25078API_INVENTORYREQUESTHazmat structure incorrect for {replaceable_value}.
25079API_INVENTORYREQUESTRepair score invalid. Repair score must be in the range from {replaceable_value} to {replaceable_value} with one decimal place.
25080API_INVENTORYREQUESTThe value of the {0} field is invalid. Field must not exceed {replaceable_value} characters.
25081API_INVENTORYREQUESTHazardous material information incomplete. Your listing must include pictograms, hazardous statements and a signal word.
25083API_INVENTORYREQUESTEnergy efficiency image is missing. Image is required with image description.
25084API_INVENTORYREQUESTThe listing must have both an energy efficiency label and a product information sheet.
25085API_INVENTORYREQUESTEconomic Operator address information is incomplete. When providing the address, please provide the company name, street, city, state, postal code and country.
25086API_INVENTORYREQUESTThe URL provided must be an eBay Picture Service URL.
25087API_INVENTORYREQUESTEconomic Operator information is incomplete. Please provide the company name.
25088API_INVENTORYREQUESTThe email address provided is formatted incorrectly.
25601API_INVENTORYREQUESTInvalid attribute. {fieldName}
25604API_INVENTORYREQUESTInput error. {additionalInfo}
25705API_INVENTORYREQUESTThe Inventory Item Group named {inventoryItemGroupKey} could not be found or is not available in the system.
25752API_INVENTORYREQUESTlistingStartDate provided is invalid.


For more on warnings, plus the codes of other common warnings, see Handling errors.

25028API_INVENTORYREQUEST{field} is not applicable and has been dropped
25030API_INVENTORYREQUEST{field} is not applicable for the condition and has been dropped
25033API_INVENTORYREQUESTDuplicate policy IDs found
25037API_INVENTORYREQUESTItem level Eco Participation Fee will be ignored
25401API_INVENTORYAPPLICATIONInvalid listing options removed. {additionalInfo}
25402API_INVENTORYAPPLICATIONSystem warning. {additionalInfo}
25753API_INVENTORYREQUESTlistingStartDate is in the past or the offer is live. Value is not updated on the listing.


New to making API calls? Please see Making a Call.

Note: Identifiers, such as order IDs or user IDs, and personal data in these samples might be anonymized or may no longer be active on eBay. If necessary, substitute current, relevant eBay data in your requests.

Sample 1: Publishing a Multiple-Variation Offer

This call publishes a multiple-variation listing from a group of inventory items (with corresponding offers ready to publish).


No query or URI path parameters are needed for this call.

A multiple-variation listing will be created for all inventory items defined in the specified inventory item group, which is specified in the inventoryItemGroupKey field in the request payload. The eBay Marketplace where the listing will be posted is also specified through the marketplaceId field in the request payload.



A successful call will create a multiple-variation listing, with each inventory item in the group becoming a separate variation within the listing. The unique identifier of the newly created listing is returned in the listingId field.

One or more warning or error messages will be returned if any occur.